Magical Marketing Mechanism

Custom Xtype For Pathfield BrowseDialog

Sometimes the xtypes provided by AEM doesn’t fulfill our requirements. So we need to design our custom xtypes on regular basis.


While working with xtype pathfield, I stumbled upon a use case/problem. I wanted a pathfield so that  I can choose the product under /etc/commerce/products/accunity/en_us/products hierarchy by a productName property.

Note: Generally, pathfield can show the nodes by its name or jcr:title.

Steps I followed:

  1. I created a widget of xtype:pathfield
  2. If I opened my  dialog, I could select any values under /content.
  3. So needed to set rootPath in the widget.
  4. The nodes under products are of type nt:unstructured. By default, pathfield doesn’t allow this types of nodes in the tree hierarchy.
  5. So added a property predicate: nosystem


Now the pathfield looked like this:

But still, it is a very tedious task for the author to select a particular product. I wanted pathfield to show the productName in place of node-name. So I decided to write custom xtype.

But how?

The first question here is how this tree structure shows up here:

So while debugging my dialog, I found, it calls currentPath.ext.json and shows the “name”property of  JSON in the tree hierarchy. 

So next step for me was to change this servlet.

The Next Question was from where this servlet is getting called.

The answer is browserDialog widget. Inside pathfield widget, it is calling browserDialog to show this tree structure.

Note: Go to browseDialog.js

Change this part:

Here is the updated browseDialog.js

We can’t make this change in the /libs section. So, I made my own xtype as productPathfield and add a custom browseDialog in pathfield.js with this modification.

Note: xtype pathfield doesn’t fulfill my requirements so needed to change it with productPathfield.

After all the changes, we can see our desired results here:

Please leave your precious comments of what you think about this approach. Happy to learn better solution for the same problem.

Sling Models with Sightly Part – III (Key Annotations – I)

The title of this blog is “Key Annotations – I” because In this post, I will explain two important annotations related to Sling Models and continue explaining other annotations in my coming posts. So for explaining two annotations, I have selected following two questions for this post.

1). How to include OSGI Services in Sling Model?
2). What is the use of @ResoucePath annotation?

I am assuming that you are using the latest versions of Sling Model APIs that I described in my previous blog.
For Answering first question, I have created an OSGi Service that have a dummy method as follows-

Now, You can include OSGi Services in your Sling Models using two annotations, these are-

1. @OSGiService Annotations
2. @Inject Annotation

Here is the Sling Model class, that shows how to use these annotations?

When you call this Model class then you will see that both of these two annotations working in the same manner.

Q1. What is the use of @ResoucePath annotations?
@ResoucePath annotation is a very handy annotation provide by Sling and using this annotation, you can convert a path into its resource object without writing any code. Let’s suppose you have a predefined path (e.g. /content/geometrixx/en) of the resource and want to convert that path into resource object then you can use @ResourcePath annotation.

Q2. How to use @ResoucePath annotation?
Here the code snippet that shows you the use of this annotation-

Q3. How am I testing these annotations?
I have created a dummy component and that component calls these Sling Model classes. Sightly code snippet is-

For complete working code, I am sharing the Git repository link.

Happy Coding..!!

Ankur Chauhan
Tech Lead

Sling Model with Sightly Part – I

In this post, I will explain, how to use sling models with Sightly in AEM6.x?

For doing this, I have created a project using maven archetype for AEM6. If you want to use any existing project, then you need to check two things-

1. Dependency for Sling models in your project’s pom.xml file. You can find this maven dependency in you AEM instance package finder tab as shown in fig-


Now search for this dependency in your Maven project parent pom.xml file. If it’s already there then it’s fine else add this dependency into your project.

2. In whatever java packages, you want to add your Sling Model classes, add these java packages information into your maven-bundle-plugin.
For example, I am using two java package for adding my Sling Model classes, these packages are-
sling.models and, so I have to place these package information into my maven-bundle-plugin, as shown below-

Q1). What will happen, If I don’t add these entries?

If you don’t add these entries, then maven will not add
“Sling-Model-Packages: sling.models,”
header entry in your bundle Manifest file. So that these classes will not behave as sling models and will work as simple java classes and, If you try to run your code without this entry, then you will not get desired output as well as there will be no error message in error.log file.

In this post, I will create a very basic example where I will get a name from the component dialog and print that value using Sling Model. So Let’s start-

Create a Sling model class.

Here I am using @Inject annotation on “firstName” property, it means that this property will be looked up from the resource (after first adapting it to a ValueMap) and it is injected.
@PostConstructor annotation defines that this method will run after injecting all field (having @Inject annotation) from the resource.

Create the component as shown below-

In slingModel.html file add these lines.

My dialog properties are as shown below: –

dialog Properties

Build your maven project and drop this component on your page. You will see a screen as-
1.3Open the dialog of this component and add any entry (For example “Ankur Chauhan”) you will see the desired output as-

Q2). Why are we creating Sling Model class for this example even we can directly use ${properties.firstName} in our slingModel.html file?

You are right, We can do that or you can say, we must do that. But as I already mention that, in this post I am going to show you a very basic use of Sling Model. So I think this is the simplest example for this post. You will see must better examples in my coming blogs.

I am also sharing the Git repository link.
Git repository link is –

Happy Coding..!!

Ankur Chauhan
Tech Lead

Dynamic Options values in AEM dialog dropdown Using $PATH

In this post, I will explain a real project use-case, where I need to populate a Dropdown in my component dialog with dynamic values, but the condition are-

1. These values can only be fetched from the current resource or current page object.
2. Another condition is that this dropdown must be auto-populated when the dialog opened.

For example,  The drop down values can be the list of all parent pages of the page where this component was dropped.

Q1). How will you go for it?
You will think about ajax call because the dropdown can be filled with dynamic values using options property.

Q2). Yes, you are right then, what will you call from the options property?
Sling Servlet

If your answer is Sling Servlet then, I have some questions for you-

Q1). How will you get the current resource  or current page object in that servlet?
Q2). If you  are trying to pass the path of current resource then How will you do that?

OK, I think you are well understood what am I trying to say. How to get current resource or current page object into the called Sling Servlet.

Maybe you can do it using some other approach but in this post I will explain, How I complete this task?

In place of servlet I have created a JSP file under same component node with some selector (For ex. options.json). For Ex. My component structure is-
Component structure

Now, I have set some properties on my drop-down dialog node. These properties are shown in figure-


Here you will notice that, I have used $PATH, this will return the path of the component wherever it is dropped. Then I used Sling Script Resolution Principle to call my options.json.jsp file.

For writing this blog, I had created dummy data but in actual, I had created a Sling Service and from one of it’s methods, I was getting the JSON values.

Here, you should follow standard coding practices and should remove these scriptlets from JSP file to some java file. But the key point is that this JSP must return the values in JSON format. If you are using Sightly then same code will work or if you want to use HTML in place of JSP then it will work perfectly fine.

I am also sharing the Git repository link where you can find demo examples for these properties.
Git repository link is –

Happy Coding..!!

Ankur Chauhan
Tech Lead



Understanding Sling Models in AEM

ResourceResolver Object in AEM6.1/6.0 Sling Services

As we know that getAdministrativeResourceResolver() method has been deprecated from ResourceResolverFactory interface in AEM6 and above versions. Then the question is-

Q1). How to get ResourceResolver object in Sling services in AEM6.0 and above versions?
If you are working with AEM6 or AEM6.1 then you have two options-

  1. If you know the credentials of an User and want that user credential in your service then go with getResourceResolver() method.
  2. If you don’t have user credentials and want to access ResourceResolver object then you have to use
    getServiceResourceResolver() method. as shown below –

    Note : – In this case you have to add a configuration in your Felix Console to your AEM instance.

Q2). What configuration I need to do for AEM6.0?
For AEM6.0,  configuration steps are –

  1. Go to Felix Console configuration tab i.e. http://localhost:4502/system/console/configMgr
  2. Search for User Mapping as shown in figure-
    User Mapping Search
  3. Click on this service to edit it’s configuration.
  4. Here you have to add one entry and the syntax of the entry is –
    “Bundle symbolic Name”:”SubServieName”=”User Name”

    1. “Bundle symbolic Name :-  Here you have to add the bundle symbolic name where you are creating service.
    2. “SubServieName”:- This is the name you provided as a value of  ResourceResolverFactory.SUBSERVICE property i.e. “testService”.
    3. “User Name” :- This  is the user name for ex. “admin”So in my case this configuration field value becomes “”
    After adding this entry your configuration looks like-
  5. Now everything is set for AEM6.0.

Q3). will these configurations work for AEM6.1?

Q4). What configuration, do I need for AEM6.1?
If you are working with AEM6.1 that you have to complete all steps explained for AEM6.0. To make these configurations  working for AEM6.1, you have to ensure that the “jcr:PrimaryType” of your user is “rep:SystemUser” i.e if you are trying to use “admin” user. Then it will not work as it’s “jcr:PrimaryType” value is  “rep:User”.

Q5). What do you mean by “jcr:PrimaryType” as “rep:SystemUser”?
It means that user is just not a repository user. It must be system user.

Q6). How to create System User in AEM6.0?
For creating System User, follow these steps-

  1. Go to CRX Explorer http://localhost:6502/crx/explorer/index.jsp
  2. Login as Administrator i.e. using “admin:admin”
  3. Click on “User Administration”, you will see a screen just like this –
  4. Here you will see a option of “Create System User”, Click on this button.
  5. Add a value for User Id field for ex. “testUser”
  6. Click on green button.
  7. Close the window.
  8. Go to CRXDE Lite, your “testUser” will be created under /home/system directory. If you are not able to find then search for “testUser” in home screen. You will get the location.

Q7). How to use this user?
In your “Apache Sling Service User Mapper Service” configuration change your entry from – to

Q8). Should I do this configuration at “Apache Sling Service User Mapper Service” configuration or should I create a “Apache Sling Service User Mapper Service Amendment” service configuration?
You can do it by both ways. But as “Apache Sling Service User Mapper Service” is a service factory in AEM6.1 so as best practices you should create another service configuration by clicking on plus button at the front of “Apache Sling Service User Mapper Service Amendment”.
When you click on “+” button, one new configuration will be created at the end. Click on that service and do this configuration there. Your code will work in same manner as working before.

Happy Coding..!!

Ankur Chauhan
Tech Lead.

Secure Apache from Clickjacking

In this post, I will explain an important Apache2 configuration, this configuration is used to stop clickjacking. I got to know about clickjacking when I was working with security checklist in AEM.

Q1. What is clickjacking?
Clickjacking, also known as a “UI redress attack”, is when an attacker uses multiple transparent or opaque layers to trick a user into clicking on a button or link to another page when they were intending to click on the top level page. Thus, the attacker is “hijacking” clicks meant for their page and routing them to another page, most likely owned by another application, domain, or both. If it is still not clear to you then I am attaching a video URL that will explain it in a much better way.

Q2. How to stop clickjacking in the AEM using Apache2 Server?
There is a header configuration named as X-Frame-Options, using this configuration, you can stop the clickjacking.

Q3. What is the syntax of this configuration?
Header set X-Frame-Options: “sameorigin”

Q4. Where do we find this configuration?
In Apache2.4 you have a security.conf file in conf-available directory. In this file, search for X-Frame-Options, it is already present there but commented by default. Now you have two options.
  1. Uncomment this setting and restart your Apache2 server. 
  2. Copy and paste this setting in apche2.conf file, uncomment it, and restart your Apache server.

In my case, I copied and pasted this setting in apche2.conf file, uncommented it and restarted my Apche2 server.

Q5. Apache Server is throwing error when restarting after this configuration?
It may be possible that you will get an error  at the time of starting the Apache2 server, after adding this configuration, the reason is, this configuration requires module enabled, which is by default disabled. So enable module and your Apache server will start running successfully.

Q6. How to enable Headers.mod in Apache2 server?
For enabling this module you have a headers.load file present in mods-available directory in your Apache2 server. In my case, it is present at /etc/apche2/mods-available. Just do one thing, create a softlink in your mods-enabled folder. If you are an Ubuntu user execute this command-

Now you will see this soft link in your mods-enabled folder. Restart your Apache2 Server.

Q7. How to check whether it’s working or not?
After restarting your Apache2 server, just hit a non cached page via Apache2 Server. Open debugger and check the response header. You will  see X-Frame-Options header field, as shown below

If you get this option on your page it means your configuration is working.

Happy Coding..!!

Ankur Chauhan
Tech Lead.

AEM Dispatcher Setup for Linux

Installing dispatcher for AEM in Apache Web-server in Linux may get little tricky, as documentation provided by Adobe on Installation of Dispatcher in Linux is not sufficient, and if we take it in analogy and try doing same way we do in Windows, then we face some issues locating the appropriate files.

Prerequisites for Dispatcher Setup

  • Apache 2.2 web-server – In Ubuntu 12.0 and higher, Apache 2.2 web-server is pre-installed, but in case it is not there, you can find the installation instructions here.
  • Dispatcher Module – Appropriate dispatcher module can be downloaded from Adobe Package Share.

Installation Instructions

  1. Considering Apache web-server is already setup in system, go ahead and extract dispatcher module using following command:
  2. Once you have extracted the files, now you have to move the appropriate files to their respective apt path.
  3. Move “” to “/usr/lib/apache2/modules”. There you will find all the modules already being loaded by apache 2 webserver.
  4. Adobe recommends to give a soft name to your dispatcher module, but you don’t need it as once setup is done, you will be hardly using it again.
  5. Now go ahead and create a folder conf under “/etc/apache2/”, and move “dispatcher.any” file under this folder. Make sure that you don’t move your dispatcher.any file to ‘conf.d’ folder which is already present.
  6. Now is the time to edit and map module file that you added and map the dispatcher.any file. Go ahead and edit apache2.conf file present under “etc/apache2/”.
  7. Scroll to the end, put some nice comments about you adding some new configs, and add following:

  8. Also add the following config to the end of apache2.conf file, which loads the dispatcher in web-server.

  9. Comments given above are self explanatory but, you can still go and edit configs if needed as per following descriptions:
    • DispatcherConfig: Location and name of the configuration file (Can be given as an absolute or relative path)
    • DispatcherLog: Location and name of the log file (Can be given as an absolute or relative path)
    • DispatcherLogLevel: Log level for the log file
    • DispatcherNoServerHeader: Whether to use the Apache or CQ server header
    • DispatcherDeclineRoot: Defines whether to decline requests to the root “/”
    • DispatcherUseProcessedURL: Defines whether to use the original request URL or to use one already processed by other handlers (ie: mod_rewrite)
      • Note: This is essential for rewriting incoming links (stripping away the ‘content/{site_name}’)
    • DispatcherPassError: Defines whether CQ or Apache will handle HTTP 40x error codes
    • SetHandler (Apache parameter): Forces all matching files to be processed by a handler
  10. Make sure, that path that is provided for load module, matches with the path where you placed your dispatcher module. Also match the name and version of dispatcher module, and change the config as required.
  11. Now configure dispatcher.any file. Edit /renders section in dispatcher.any.


    By default you may find port set to 8000 or 8080, change it to 80.
    Give whatever soft-name you want to give to your cache folder in place of “cqcache”

  12. Restart the apache server to let webserver take effect. You can restart apache server by using following command:


  13. Once server is restarted and you get [OK] message, go and check /var/log/apache2/dispatcher.log file. If it says dispatcher initialized with correct cache path, it means dispatcher is successfully setup and ready to be used.

Now you just need to configure your CQ replication agent, and point dispatcher flush agents to correct port.


I tested this today itself i.e. 14th Oct 2013 on Ubuntu 13 64 bit debian based OS. It worked like wonder for me. Please post your comments and queries if you have any issues with it, and also if there are better ways to do it. Cheeeerz.


Maven-scr-Plugin Error in AEM

In this blog, I will explain an error occurred when we build an AEM project using –

maven command.

Error description is as shown below – 


Cause of this error – 
Most of the time this error occur because of the use of these two annotations –
@SlingServlet & @Component same class.
For Example, If your coding syntax is  –


In this case you will get that error, because @SlingServlet have a property “generateComponent” by default it’s value is “true” so ideally you don’t provide the @Component annotation.
How to Resolve this issue – 
There are two ways to resolve this issue –
  1. Remove @Component annotation while creating Sling Servlet.
  2. The issue with first solution are –
    1. We are not able to activate this Sling Servlet immediately, It is totally dependent on Felix implementation when it will activate this Sling Servlet. i.e. it may or may not be in active state after deploying the package.
    2. We are not able to use immediate, enabled metatype & other properties provided by  @Component

Preferred way to use these annotations is –

I hope it helps.. Happy Coding.

Ankur Chauhan.